Article 11 The present Convention shall be open until 31 December for signature on behalf of any Member of the United Nations and of any non-member State to which an invitation to sign has been addressed by the General Assembly. The present Convention shall be ratified, and the instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations. After 1 Januarythe present Convention may be acceded to on behalf of any Member of the United Nations and of any non-member State which has received an invitation as aforesaid.
Organized Crime Research kvl-homepage Organized Crime in Germany Organized crime in Germany and the concept of organized crime are the focal point of the English-language material posted on this page.
The material reflects some of the research I Klaus von Lampe have been conducting since For a list of German-language material, click here. Find out more from the abstracts below: The Case of Germany This paper available as a PDF-file discusses the possibilities and limits of a meaningful assessment of organized crime in Germany.
It presents various types of data and critically reviews the annual situation reports on organized crime issued by the federal German police agency BKA. It has been published in the posted version in the eNewsletter Organised Crime.
A journal version of this paper appeared in Crime, Law and Social Change, 42, Understanding Organized Crime in Germany An analysis of the perception and reality of organized crime in Germany. Trafficking in Untaxed Cigarettes. A Case Study of Organized Crime in Germany A guest lecture given at the Institute for Criminology of the Oslo University Norway in May of on the smuggling and illegal distribution of untaxed cigarettes in Germany and the activities and structure of Vietnamese extortion gangs extorting Vietnamese street vendors of untaxed cigarettes in East Germany.
The Illegal Cigarette Market in Germany: A Case Study of Organized Crime A paper presented at the first annual meeting of the European Society of Criminology, held in Lausanne in Septemberpresents the research project on the cigarette black market I have been working on and discusses its relevance for the study of organized crime.
Provisional situation report on trafficking in contraband cigarettes This research report available in PDF-format describes the situation of the cigarette black market in Northwest Europe with a special focus on Germany and the UK.
The report was produced in as part of the Assessing Organised Crime research project financed by the European Commission under the 6th Framework Programme.
Myth, Power, Profit," sponsored by the University of Lausanne, Switzerland, in Octoberexplores the conceptual history of organized crime in the United States and Germany. A journal version of this paper was published in Forum on Crime and Society1 2, German Definitions of Organized Crime A collection of German organized-crime definitions, including the official definition from Criminal Networks and Trust This paper written in collaboration with Per Ole Johansen and presented at the ESC meeting in Helsinki discusses the importance of trust in criminal relations.
Examples are drawn from research on the illegal cigarette market in Germany and the illegal liquor market in Norway. A journal version of this paper was published in Global Crime, 6 2, Organized Crime Book Reviews Learn more about organized crime in Germany and various other countries from a selection of book reviews.
Find out about the man in the above picture.Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.
Adopted by Resolution (III) A of the United Nations General Assembly on 9 December Defining a Hate Crime. A hate crime is a traditional offense like murder, arson, or vandalism with an added element of bias.
For the purposes of collecting statistics, the FBI has defined a hate. verb (used without object), or·gan·ized, or·gan·iz·ing.
to combine in an organized company, party, or the like. to form a labor union: Management resisted all efforts to organize. to assume organic structure. arranged into a formal group with leaders and with rules for doing or planning things: arranged into or belonging to a labor union: arranged or planned in a particular way See the full definition for organized in the English Language Learners Dictionary.
Papers on organized crime in Germany and the concept of organized crime, authored by Klaus von Lampe, include a general analysis, a case study of the trafficking in untaxed cigarettes, and a review of recent German publications on organized crime.
The following information is an example of just one organized criminal operation of the Chabad-Lubavitch organization. Agriprocessors Inc., in Postville Iowa, was the largest kosher meatpacking plant in the USA prior to the immigration raid of May 12, , the largest in USA history, where more than workers were arrested.