Yet relatively little is known in the UK about the background to the idea and the principles underlying mentoring initiatives. As yet, few systematic evaluations of youth mentoring have taken place to enable comparisons to be made between projects and with other forms of youth intervention.
In Anglo-Saxon sociology the risk thesis has been enormously influential. The individualization thesis, for its part, has passed virtually ignored. That is the shortcoming that this book, Individualization, addresses.
In the original German the individualization thesis is found across a range of articles and books. English readers have better fortune. In this single volume this thesis receives the exclusive attention of Ulrich and Elisabeth Beck. And this half today may be the most important half. Perhaps more importantly it is also a notion of the individual that is vastly different from even the ethical and altruistic individualism of the Enlightenment.
If the first modernity comprises predominantly a logic of structures, then the second modernity, if we are to follow Manuel Castells, involves a logic of flows. So we need to ask ourselves, along with Ulrich and Elisabeth BeckGernsheim, what can individualization and individualism mean in an age of flows.
There are two issues at stake here. One is what Durkheim saw as an anomic individualism. In the shift from one set of social arrangements to another, there is a necessary period of movement, of unsettling that is understood as anomie. Thus in the move from the traditional Gemeinschaft and the ancien regime there is a transition phase of rootlessness until the first, industrial modernity develops its own normativities and classic Enlightenment individualism becomes routinized.
Thus Hegel understood the shift from the anomic excesses of the French Revolution to the institutionalized individualism of property, contract, the bourgeois family and civil society of The Philosophy [Page viii]of Right. The same sort of process is at stake in the transition from industrial to the second, informational modernity.
First an anomic individualism. The point for Beck is that even after the transition to reflexive modernity, the new individualism does not become routinized. It is, even in its mature phase indeterminate, full of risk and precarious freedom.
This is because German sociology has a markedly different genealogy than its Anglo-American counterpart. In many respects both Habermas and Giddens wrote from a dissatisfaction with the structural functionalism, the linear systems theory of Talcott Parsons, and the dominance of Parsonsian sociology in the post-war decades.
Both Habermas and Giddens had affinities with Marxism. Both featured a stress on the importance of agency in contrast to structure. This was the position from the late s when the two theorists came to hegemonic positions in German and Anglo-Saxon sociology.Volume 7, No.
1, Art. 23 – January Young People, Risk Taking and Risk Making: Some Thoughts for Social Work 1). Elaine Sharland. Abstract: Policy makers, professionals and the public have become increasingly concerned with identifying and managing young people who are not only troubled or at risk, but troubling or r-bridal.com work, however, has been relatively silent on the subject.
‘individualization thesis’. Beck’s work has, from the mid s, been understood in Germany in terms of a balance of these two theses. In Anglo-Saxon sociology the risk thesis has been enormously influential.
The individualization thesis, for its part, has passed virtually ignored. That is the shortcoming that this book. The Brave New World of Work [Ulrich Beck] on r-bridal.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
In this important book, Ulrich Beck - one of the leading socialthinkers in Europe today - examines how work has become unstable inthe modern world and presents a new vision for the future. Beckbegins by describing how the traditional work society.
Individualization may refer to discrimination or perception of the individual within a group or species identification in forensics and intelligence; the development of individual traits a central concept in the philosophy of C. G. Jung on . Academy of Social Sciences ASS The United Kingdom Association of Learned Societies in the Social Sciences formed in gave rise to the Academy of Learned Societies for the Social Sciences incorporated , which became the Academy of Social Sciences on ASS Commission on the Social Sciences Notes from the meeting on by Ron Johnston.
Ulrich Beck's Risk Society, and indeed the theory of ‘reflexive modernization’ is characterized by two theses: an environmental thesis or the ‘risk thesis’, and an ‘individualization thesis’.