Al-Akhdam In Yemen there exists a hereditary caste, the African -descended Al-Akhdam who are kept as perennial manual workers.
With census approaching, the debate around having caste-based census has come up. It is essential to understand the implications that caste statistics would have in the country. Census of provides, to date, any information regarding the size and characteristics of various castes in India.
Colonial Censuses, beginning with the first Census inincluded questions about caste. This generated an idea of homogeneous and classifiable community. It was used to divide and conquer India. This was done by first privileging Brahmins as interpreters of Indian culture.
Slowly they were targeted as the roots of caste-based oppression and inequality. This classification was also a source of anti-Brahmin movements of 20th century. It thereby influenced the processes of political representation.
How does caste census impact society? Society - There are apprehensions that caste based census would further promote: Caste-based political mobilisation strong sentiments for or against reservations Post-Independence Censuses have thus shied away from including questions about caste.
However, Patels, Gujjars, Jats and Marathas do not seem to care about the lack of Census data as they demand reservations.
Also, even without caste census, caste does play a role in elections in terms of vote banks. Does caste census play a role in economy? Caste data from Census and a few special purpose surveys define certain categories.
It is assumed these broad caste-based social categories continue to shape economic conditions in 21st century India. However, each of these categories consists of thousands of jatis castes and upjatis subcastes. Hence, without accurate data for each of these, the claim that it shapes economic conditions is baseless.
Also, the society and economy, since census, has undergone various changes, crossing these caste boundaries.
What are the transformations since ? Land - Land ownership that perpetuated the power of upper castes has lost its hold. Land fragmentation and agricultural stagnation have turned many upper caste landowners into marginal farmers.
Besides, rising rural wages, particularly construction wages, has made the landless better. Poverty - Broadly, mean consumption expenditure of forward castes is higher than that of Dalits. The bottom fourth of forward castes are poorer than the top half of Dalits.
Overall, some jatis have managed to pull themselves out of poverty and marginalisation. While other groups have had a deterioration in their status. What is the need for caste census?
Economic growth and affirmative action by governments have changed relative fortunes of various groups. Hence, it is time to collect data that reflects the current situation.
So the social apprehensions on implications of caste census are largely invalid. Without caste data, the discourse on caste and affirmative action are dominated by decisions made by the colonial administration.
Collecting data on caste is now essential to rationalise the reservation policies. Challenges - Sometimes the same caste is spelt in different ways, or individuals report their jati and others upjati.
This makes it difficult to create mutually exclusive categories. What could the methodology be?Also, the society and economy, since census, has undergone various changes, crossing these caste boundaries.
What changed since ? Land ownership that perpetuated the power of upper castes lost its hold. So the social apprehensions on implications of caste census are largely invalid. The caste system in Sri Lanka is a division of society into strata, influenced by the textbook varnas and jāti system found in India.
Ancient Sri Lankan texts such as the Pujavaliya, Sadharmaratnavaliya and Yogaratnakaraya and inscriptional evidence show that the above hierarchy prevailed throughout the feudal period.
The implications of caste enumeration or excluding such a variable from the census to the society are also discussed. Introduction The proposal to reintroduce caste in the census was floated in by the Registrar General of India, almost half a century after the idea had been abandoned.
Aggregation and consolidation of caste data across regions and states are almost insurmountable, since castes with the same names have different socio-economic statuses in different parts of the. A symposium in Delhi to debate the proposed reintroduction of caste in the Census of , while it provided yet another instance of our deep-seared ambivalence towards the most distinctive.
Caste and Census: Implications to Society Essay. Abstract: The proposal to reintroduce caste as a category in the census sparked off considerable discussion among sociologists, anthropologists and others - Caste and Census: Implications to Society Essay introduction.
This paper attempts to analyze the pros and cons of the idea to reintroduce the variable of caste, a distinctive social.