In antiquity, the Great Pyramid of Giza the only wonder from the original list still standingthe statue of Zeus at Olympia, the Colossus of Rhodes a new gigantic, version of which is being built todayand others were among the occupants of the list.
Early Classic period[ edit ] The first ajaw, or Development of pyramids essay, of B'aakal that we know of was K'uk Balam Quetzal Jaguarwho governed for four years starting in the year After him, a king came to power, nicknamed Casper by archaeologists.
The next two kings were probably Casper's sons. Little was known about the first of these, B'utz Aj Sak Chiik, untilwhen a tablet was found describing a ritual for the king.
The first tablet mentioned his successor Ahkal Mo' Naab I as a teenage prince, and therefore it is believed that there was a family relation between them. For unknown reasons, Akhal Mo' Naab I had great prestige, so the kings who succeeded him were proud to be his descendants.
K'an Joy Chitam I governed for 36 years.
This word was used also by later kings. B'alam was succeeded in by Yohl Ik'nalwho was supposedly his daughter. The inscriptions found in Palenque document a battle that occurred under her government in which troops from Calakmul invaded and sacked Palenque, a military feat without known precedents.
These events took place in In this occasion, the king of Calakmul entered Palenque in person, consolidating a significant military disaster, which was followed by an epoch of political disorder. Aj Ne' Yohl Mat was to die in Late Classic period[ edit ] The two inner columns from the Temple Development of pyramids essay the Inscriptions B'aakal began the Late Classic period in the throes of the disorder created by the defeats before Calakmul.
The glyphic panels at the Temple of Inscriptionswhich records the events at this time, relates that some fundamental annual religious ceremonies were not performed inand at this point states: Janaab Pakal assumed the functions of the ajaw king but never was crowned. He was succeeded in by his daughter, the queen Sak K'uk'who governed for only three years until her son was old enough to rule.
It is considered that the dynasty was reestablished from then on, so B'aakal retook the path of glory and splendor. He began rule at the age of 12 years after his mother Sak Kuk resigned as queen after three years, thus passing power on to him. Pakal the Great reigned in Palenque from toand his mother remained an important force for the first 25 years of his rule.
She may have ruled jointly with him. Known as the favorite of the gods, he carried Palenque to new levels of splendor, in spite of having come to power when the city was at a low point. The Palace as seen from the courtyard. Most of the palaces and temples of Palenque were constructed during his government; the city flourished as never before, eclipsing Tikal.
The central complex, known as The Palace, was enlarged and remodeled on various occasions, notably in the years, and In this structure, is a text describing how in that epoch Palenque was newly allied with Tikal, and also with Yaxchilanand that they were able to capture the six enemy kings of the alliance.
Not much more had been translated from the text. The first continued the architectural and sculptural works that were begun by his father, as well as finishing the construction of the famous tomb of Pakal. Pakal's sarcophagus, built for a very tall man, held the richest collection of jade seen in a Mayan tomb.
A jade mosaic mask was placed over his face, and a suit made of jade adorned his body, with each piece hand-carved and held together by gold wire.
Thanks to numerous works begun during his government, now we have portraits of this king, found in various sculptures. His brother succeeded him continuing with the same enthusiasm of construction and art, reconstructing and enlarging the north side of the Palace.
Thanks to the reign of these three kings, B'aakal had a century of growing and splendor.
For 10 years there was no king. Although the new king belonged to the royalty, there is no evidence that he was the direct inheritor direct of K'inich K'an Joy Chitam II. It is believed, therefore, that this coronation was a break in the dynastic line, and probably K'inich Ahkal Nab' arrived to power after years of maneuvering and forging political alliances.
This king, his son, and grandson governed until the end of the 8th century. Occasionally city-state lords were women. Lady Sak Kuk ruled at Palenque for at least three years starting in CE, before she passed her title to her son.
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