Essay on jallianwala bagh massacre

The government was determined to suppress the mass agitation. It repeatedly lathi-charged and fired upon unarmed demonstrators at Bombay, Ahmadabad, Calcutta, Delhi and other cities.

Essay on jallianwala bagh massacre

Dyer marched his fifty riflemen to a raised bank and ordered them to kneel and fire. Dyer ordered soldiers to reload their rifles several times and they were ordered to shoot to kill. Official British Raj sources estimated the fatalities atand with 1, wounded. However, the casualty number quoted by the Indian National Congress was more than 1, with roughly 1, killed.

The Jallianwalla Bagh duringmonths after the Essay on jallianwala bagh massacre. Cartoon in Punch 14 Julyon the occasion of Montagu labelling as "frightful" General Dyer for his role in the Amritsar massacreAn hour after the meeting began as scheduled at 4: Dyer had also brought two armoured cars armed with machine guns, however the vehicles were stationed outside the main gate as they were unable to enter the Bagh through the narrow entrance.

The Jallianwala Essay on jallianwala bagh massacre was bounded on all sides by houses and buildings and had few narrow entrances, most of which were kept permanently locked. The main entrance was relatively wider, but was guarded by the troops backed by the armoured vehicles.

General Dyer ordered troops to begin shooting without warning or any order to disperse, and to direct shooting towards the densest sections of the crowd. He continued the shooting, approximately 1, rounds in all, until ammunition was almost exhausted.

Apart from the many deaths directly from the shooting, a number of people died in stampedes at the narrow gates or by jumping into the solitary well on the compound to escape the shooting.

A plaque in the monument at the site, set up after independence, says that bodies were pulled out of the well.

Essay on jallianwala bagh massacre

The wounded could not be moved from where they had fallen, as a curfew had been declared - many more died during the night. The number of deaths caused by the shooting is disputed.

While the official figure given by the British inquiry into the massacre is deaths, the method used by the inquiry has been subject to criticism.

This information was likely incomplete due to fear that those who participated would be identified as having been present at the meeting, and some of the dead may not have had close relations in the area.

Additionally, a senior civil servant in the Punjab interviewed by the members of the committee admitted that the actual figure could be higher.

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The casualty number quoted by the INC was more than 1, with approximately 1, killed. Back in his headquarters, General Dyer reported to his superiors that he had been "confronted by a revolutionary army". The "crawling order" was posted on Aug 19 under the auspices of martial law. Dyer was messaged to appear before the Hunter Commission, a commission of inquiry into the massacre that was ordered to convene by Secretary of State for India, Edwin Montagu, during late Dyer said before the commission that he came to know about the meeting at the Jallianwala Bagh at He stated that he had gone to the Bagh with the deliberate intention of opening fire if he found a crowd assembled there.

Dyer said he would have used his machine guns if he could have got them into the enclosure, but these were mounted on armoured cars. He said he did not stop the shooting when the crowd began to disperse because he thought it was his duty to keep shooting until the crowd dispersed, and that a little shooting would not do any good.

Essay on jallianwala bagh massacre

In fact he continued the shooting till the ammunition was almost exhausted. He stated that he did not make any effort to tend to the wounded after the shooting: It was not my job.

Hospitals were open and they could have gone there. However, he was finally found guilty of a mistaken notion of duty and relieved of his command. It was then the property the family of Sardar Himmat Singh d. The family were collectively known as Jallhevale or simply Jallhe or Jalle, although their principal seat later became Alavarpur in Jalandhar district.

The site, once a garden or garden house, was in an uneven and unoccupied space, an irregular quadrangle, indifferently walled, approximately x meters which was used more as a dumping ground.

In the Punjab, during World War Ithere was considerable unrest particularly among the Sikhs, first on account of the demolition of a boundary wall of Gurdwara Rikabgang at New Delhi and later because of the activities and trials of the Ghadrites almost all of whom were Sikhs.

In India as a whole, too, there had been a spurt in political activity mainly owing to the emergence of two leaders Mohandas Karamchand Mahatma Gandhi who after a period of struggle against the British in South Africa, had returned to India in January and Mrs.

In Decemberthe Indian National Congress, at its annual session held at Lucknow, passed a resolution asking the British government to issue a proclamation announcing that it is the aim and intention of British policy to confer self government on India at an early date.

Based on the recommendations of this committee, two bills, popularly called Rowlett Bills, were published in the Government of India Gazette on 18 January Mahatma Gandhi decided to organize a satyagrah, non-violent civil disobedience campaign against the bills.

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One of the bills became an Act, nevertheless, on 21 March Call for a countrywide hartal or general strike on 30 March, later postponed to 6 Aprilwas given by Mahatma Gandhi. The strike in Lahore and Amritsar passed off peacefully on 6 April.

This led to a general strike in Amritsar.The Jallianwalah Bagh Massacre, also known as the Amritsar Massacre was a massacre that happened in Amritsar, in It is named after the Jallianwala Bagh (Garden) in the northern Indian city of Amritsar.

On April 13, , British, Indian Army soldiers started shooting at an unarmed gathering of men, women and children. The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, also known as the Amritsar massacre, took place on 13 April when troops of the British Indian Army under the command of Colonel Reginald Dyer fired rifles into a crowd of Indians, who had .

The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (also known as the Amritsar Massacre) was one of the saddest events, that will likely never fade away from our memory. It was so horrific and saddening that even today, people are left wondering if it could have been avoided.

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Despite the proclamations against meetings, thousands of Indians flocked to the Jallianwala Bagh on April 13, most of them in support of the imprisoned Kitchlew and Satyapal. Some arrived after the police had closed a nearby fair held in honor of the Sikh new year.

This example Amritsar Massacre Essay is published for educational and. On 13 April , people gathered in a small park in Amritsar which was called the Jalllianwala Bagh, to protest against these arrests.

Write a short paragraph on Jallianwala Bagh Massacre Home. Jallianwala Bagh (Hindi: जलियांवाला बाग़) is a public garden in Amritsar, and houses a memorial of national importance, established in by the Government of India, to commemorate the massacre of peaceful celebrators including unarmed women and children by British occupying forces, on the occasion of the Punjabi New Year .

Jallianwala Bagh - Wikipedia