This is why for decades and centuries - long after their authors have gone silent - the writings of Dante, Shakespeare, and Austen, among so many other vital voices, will continue to captivate readers and comment upon life.
The Chaotic Age todaywhich includes a multitude of countries and authors. John Erskine of Columbia University which proposed to improve the higher education system by returning it to the western liberal arts tradition of broad cross-disciplinary learning.
The view among them was that the emphasis on narrow specialization in American colleges had harmed the quality of higher education by failing to expose students to the important products of Western civilization and thought.
The essential component of such programs is a high degree of engagement with primary texts, called the Great Books. The curricula of Great Books programs often follow a canon of texts considered more or less essential to a student's education, such as Plato's Republic, or Dante's Divine Comedy.
Such programs often focus exclusively on Western culture. Their employment of primary texts dictates an interdisciplinary approach, as most of the Great Books do not fall neatly under the prerogative of a single contemporary academic discipline.
Great Books programs often include designated discussion groups as well as lectures, and have small class sizes. In general students in such programs receive an abnormally high degree of attention from their professors, as part of the overall aim of fostering a community of learning.
Over institutions of higher learning, mostly in the United States, offer some version of a Great Books Program as an option for students.
American philosopher Jay Stevenson argues: How Higher Education Has Failed Democracy and Impoverished the Souls of Today's Students argues that moral degradation results from ignorance of the great classics that shaped Western culture.
The Books and School of the Agesand in general the canon remains as a represented idea in many institutions,  though its implications continue to be debated. There is a certain irony in this [i. Precisely by inculcating a critical attitude, the "canon" served to demythologize the conventional pieties of the American bourgeoisie and provided the student with a perspective from which to critically analyze American culture and institutions.
Ironically, the same tradition is now regarded as oppressive. The texts once served an unmasking function; now we are told that it is the texts which must be unmasked.
Searle's rebuttal suggests that "one obvious difficulty with it [i. Compton argues that canons are always communal in nature; that there are limited canons for, say a literature survey class, or an English department reading list, but there is no such thing as one absolute canon of literature.
Instead, there are many conflicting canons.
He regards Bloom's "Western Canon" as a personal canon only. The philosopher John Searle has said, "In my experience there never was, in fact, a fixed 'canon'; there was rather a certain set of tentative judgments about what had importance and quality.
Such judgments are always subject to revision, and in fact they were constantly being revised. This program, developed in the middle third of the 20th century, grew out of the curriculum at the University of Chicago. University president Robert Maynard Hutchins and his collaborator Mortimer Adler developed a program that offered reading lists, books, and organizational strategies for reading clubs to the general public.
Eliotwith the Harvard Classicsa volume anthology of classic works from world literature. Eliot's view was the same as that of Scottish philosopher and historian Thomas Carlyle: Elizabethan literature and Metaphysical poets The canon of Renaissance English poetry of the 16th and early 17th century has always been in some form of flux and towards the end of the 20th century the established canon was criticized, especially by those who wished to expand it to include, for example, more women writers.
However, poet John Dryden condemned aspects of the metaphysical poets in his criticism. In the 18th century Metaphysical poetry fell into further disrepute,  while the interest in Elizabethan poetry was rekindled through the scholarship of Thomas Warton and others.
However, the canon of Renaissance poetry was formed in the Victorian period with anthologies like Palgrave's Golden Treasury.
Eliot and Yvor Winters were two literary critics who were especially concerned with revising the canon of renaissance English literature. During the course of the s, Eliot did much to establish the importance of the metaphysical school, both through his critical writing and by applying their method in his own work.Canon definition: A canon is a member of the clergy who is on the staff of a cathedral.
| Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples. Esther Lombardi has reviewed and written about books and literature for 20 years, with a focus on literary criticism, education, and technology. Updated September 01, In fiction and literature, the canon is the collection of works considered representative of a period or genre.
The collected. Clear definition and great examples of Genre. This article will show you the importance of Genre and how to use it. A genre is a category of literature identified by form, content, and style.
Genres allow literary critics and students to classify compositions within the larger canon of literature.
Though not related to field artillery, pieces in the 'literary canon' have made quite a bang over the years. Come learn more about this collection.
In fiction, canon is the material accepted as officially part of the story in the fictional universe of that story. It is often contrasted with, or used as the basis for, works of fan r-bridal.com alternative terms mythology, timeline, universe and continuity are often used, with the former being especially used to refer to a richly detailed fictional canon requiring a large degree of.
he American Heritage Dictionary. has eleven separate definitions of the term canon, the most relevant of which is "an authoritative list, as of the works of an author" and "a basis for judgment; standard; criterion."Canon is also defined as "the books of the Bible officially recognized by the Church," and the idea of a literary canon also implies some such official status.