The Uses of Quotation In most writing, you should use quotations for one or more of the following specific purposes: Use quotation to reproduce distinctive, admirable, or felicitous phrasing--that is, when a paraphrase would be an inadequate representation.
Here is a template: Subtitle of report if applicable Report No. Government Author, year Note that the report number may not be present, or, when present, Quotation rules thesis wording may vary.
Follow the wording shown on your report to write your reference see how the wording is adjusted for the National Institute on Aging example later in this post. Who Is the Author of a Government Report? Most of the time the government department or agency is used as the author for an APA Style government report reference.
Sometimes individual people are also credited as having written the report; however, their names do not appear in the APA Style reference unless their names also appear on the cover of the report vs. So again, the name s on the cover or title page go in the reference, for reasons of retrievability, and most of the time, it is the name of the agency.
Reference list recommended format: National Institute on Aging.
Why population aging matters: A global perspective Publication No. Government agencies frequently list the full hierarchy of departments on their reports. As anyone familiar with bureaucracy knows, this can add up to a lot of layers.
For example, the author of the National Institute on Aging report in the example above might be fully written out as follows: Reference list long form, correct but not recommended: Department of State, U. Listing the full hierarchy of agencies as shown on the report in question from largest to smallest is correct; however, it is also correct to list the most specific responsible agency only in this case, the National Institute on Aging.
We recommend the shorter, more specific format for a few reasons. Our users have expressed to us that this shorter name form makes it easier to write references and in-text citations.
Punctuation Rules for Academic Writing Reports/Personal Statements/Thesis. We are now providing you some basic punctuation rules for guiding you during your original academic papers: 1. PERIOD .) When quoting put a comma at the left of a quotation mark if there is no a period, a question mark or an exclamation point;5/5. If you are quoting a passage that contains a quotation, then you use single quotation marks for the internal quotation. Quite rarely, you quote a passage that has a quotation within a quotation. In that rare instance, you would use double quotation marks for the second internal quotation. Education rules concerning Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (curriculum standards) for high school Spanish language arts and English as a second language.
The shorter form makes it easier for readers to differentiate between reports authored by a variety of agencies. Imagine, for example, a paper containing many government reports; the citations and references could quickly overwhelm the text if the long form were used.
However, if using only the most specific responsible agency would cause confusion e. Ensure that the name of the government author you use in the in-text citation matches the name of the author in the reference list entry exactly. Do not use the long form in one spot and the short form in the other.
An exception is that you can introduce an abbreviation for the government agency in the text if you will be referring to it frequently. Read this blog post to learn how to abbreviate group author names. Posted by Chelsea Lee at This is a frequent conundrum that APA Style users have brought to our attention.
Their most common question is whether these numbers should be presented together or within separate parentheses. In a reference to a whole book, cite the edition and volume numbers—separated by a comma—but do not cite a page range.
Here are some templates for citing print versions of books that include edition and volume numbers: Chapter in an Edited Book Author, A. Authored Book Author, A. Title of book xx ed.
Edited Book Editor, E. Entire books and individual chapters are sometimes assigned their own unique digital object identifiers DOIs. If the book or chapter you are citing lists a DOI, include it at the end of your reference in place of the publisher information, without a period.
Cite the edition of the book you used.Quotation marks are often confusing to ESL writers unfamiliar with English grammar and punctuation rules. When to use double or single quotation marks is even trickier.
Almost all of us have found ourselves confused with double and single quotation marks. When do we use single quotation marks? Where does the punctuation go with. Online custom essays, term papers, research papers, reports, reviews and homework assignments. Professional custom writing service offers high quality and absolutely plagiarism free academic papers. Affordable prices and written from scratch by highly qualified academic writers. The following rules of quotation mark use are the standard in the United States, although it may be of interest that usage rules for this punctuation do vary in other countries. The following covers the basic use of quotation marks.
Education rules concerning Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (curriculum standards) for middle school English language arts and reading.
Education rules concerning Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (curriculum standards) for high school Spanish language arts and English as a second language. by Chelsea Lee Dear Style Expert, How do I format quotations from books or articles written in a foreign language?
Do I have to present the quotation in both the original language and in translation, or do I present only a translation? Quotation rules thesis to full fathom five sylvia plath essay International journal of african studies.
The shortcomings are evident except for the illustration used to cover personality as the consequence if people act is the best you can t see it from the crib.
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