SW By the end of this section, you will be able to: Define social psychology Describe situational versus dispositional influences on behavior Describe the fundamental attribution error Social psychology examines how people affect one another, and it looks at the power of the situation.
Chapters 1 and 2. One cannot predict without much accuracy how a particular individual will respond in a given situation by using info about the individual's personality, disposition, or past behavior. Usually the predictability ceiling correlation is about 0.
This paper agrees that situations have a very strong affect on behavior. They believe that many researchers have an inflated belief in personality traits and fail to recognize the importance of subtle situational factors on behavior. The put forth three principles: The power and subtlety of situational influences 2.
The importance of an individual's subjective interpretation of a situation. Individual psyches and social groups can be generalized as "tension systems' that can be in equilibrim between impelling and restraining forces. Principle of Situationism According to Kurt Lewin, behavior is a function of the person and the situation.
However, his focus was primarily on the power of the situation. He showed you could easily alter behavior by short-term manipulations of an individual's environment.
Regarding group dynamics, "when trying to change things, group dynamics can be the biggest barriers and the biggest motivators for change". The "social context creates forces that produce or constrain behavior".
Lewin also promoted the idea of channel forces, small situational forces that either increase impelling forces or reduce constraining forces to move individuals toward a specific behavior.
They act as a catalyst toward one direction.
Principle of Construal Construal is how the person understands the situation. You need to look inside the minds of the subjects to see the "true stimulus". Piaget talks about "schema" -- knowledge structures with respect to certain stimuli and events based in the past that guide anticipated actions for future events.
These "tools of construal" also include scripts, models, and heuristics. Some mistakes that laypeople make with construal is that: Failure to understand that one's own understanding is an active, constructive process 2.Professors Ross and Nisbett eloquently argue that the context we find ourselves in Demonstrating the power of social situations via a The Stanford Prison Experiment has become one of psychology's most dramatic of person and situation, social psychologists have Perspectives on the.
Throughout this paper I am going to talk about that Ross & Nisbett, Asch, Milgram and the Zimbardo prison experiment and how each Show More The Power of the Media to Shape the Thoughts of the Average Individual.
misconstrue or underestimate the power of situational forces, in part because situations are often invisible to the perceiver (Gilbert & Malone, ; Ross & Nisbett, ). Ross and Nisbett do a great job explaining the background of social psychology research.
I've found myself going back to it several times already to check concepts and can definitely see myself doing this over my academic r-bridal.coms: In the,” The power of situations”, by Lee Ross and Richard E.
Nisbett, the authors are trying to show the power of situations effecting the decisions of the people, how people react in different situations. Professors Ross and Nisbett eloquently argue that the context we find ourselves in substantially affects our behavior in this timely reissue of one of social psychology's classic textbooks.
Download PDF: The Person and the Situation by Lee Ross.